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Multiple bald eagles poisoned after scavenging on deer carcass in Manchester, Md.

At least five bald eagles were poisoned Sunday after scavenging on a deer carcass in Manchester, Md.

One of the eagles is dead and four were taken to Phoenix Wildlife Center in Phoenix, Md.

According to Lauren Moses, public information officer for Maryland Natural Resources Police, “Our officers responded to the 4000 block of York Road in Manchester. When officers arrived, they met with a concerned wildlife photographer, who stated eagles nearby were acting strangely. According to the photographer, the eagles were feeding on a dead deer carcass. Suddenly, they began to fly strangely. One eagle also flew into a power line and died. As a result, the four remaining eagles were taken to Phoenix Wildlife Center for evaluation. Officers on the scene also properly buried the deceased deer to prevent any other wildlife from being potentially harmed.”

Photo courtesy of William Fauntleroy

Though there’s been no confirmation on what sickened the birds, lead poisoning is a common issue with bald eagles. The birds will often scavenge on the remains of deer that were shot with lead ammunition.

In order to protect the critically endanger California condor, the state of California banned lead ammunition.

Other states, such as Pennsylvania, are asking hunters to consider switching to non-lead ammunition.

The state of New Jersey has also encouraged its hunters to switch to non-lead ammunition, as well as bury carcasses/gut piles.

And there’s no shortage of appeals from wildlife rehabilitators asking hunters to switch including the following –

https://www.facebook.com/tristatebirdrescue/posts/6473939119297732

William Fauntleroy, of Manchester, is the wildlife photographer that found the eagles and called for help.

Suzanne Shoemaker, director of Owl Moon Raptor Center, was on the receiving end of Fauntleroy’s call. She immediately dispatched volunteer rescuers Rick Hamilton and Valerie Seger, then coordinated arrangements with Natural Resources Police.

Fauntleroy doesn’t think it was lead – he said it appeared the eagles were in a drunken state and unable to fly.

“They weren’t lead poisoned,” he said. “When five of them fall out of the sky in an hour, that’s not lead – that’s strictly my opinion.”

Fauntleroy thinks there might be more sick or dead eagles out there and he plans on checking in the morning.

“There were 10 eagles here this morning,” he said. “Five or more of them were downed.”

Whatever the poison, it definitely wasn’t a usual photography outing for Fauntleroy.

“It was really kind of distressing,” he said.

Photo courtesy of William Fauntleroy

Kathleen Woods, executive director of Phoenix Wildlife Center, was not available for comment as she was tending to the poisoned birds.

According to Moses, the “investigation is ongoing.”

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Update (11/29/2021) – Maryland Natural Resources Police confirmed another bald eagle (dead) was found in Manchester just days after four eagles were found sickened and one dead in the same area. This brings the total count to six eagles – four survived. According to Lauren Moses, NRP’s public information officer, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service “took possession of the that eagle for further evaluation.”

Update (11/10/2021) – According to Kathleen Woods, executive director of Phoenix Wildlife Center, “All four birds finally standing.” Woods also indicted samples from the birds were sent to PennVet’s lab at New Bolton Center for testing.

Update (11/9/2021) – According to Lauren Moses, public information officer for Maryland Natural Resources Police, “we are still actively investigating. However the officer did tell me he is to speak with the rehabilitation center sometime this week. So I will update you on that. However the four remaining eagles are reportedly doing better.”

Moses added the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service will be getting a sample from the remains of the deer.

Update (11/8/2021) – According to Kathleen Woods, executive director of Phoenix Wildlife Center, the four eagles brought to her Sunday were still alive as of 7 am Monday morning.

She doesn’t think it was lead poisoning.

“Lead doesn’t happen this way,” Woods said. “Lead is slow. They were showing classic signs of another type of poisoning – clenched feet, they can’t see properly and they become disoriented.”

She does have crop samples ready to go to a lab.

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This post will be updated to include the most recent information available.

Photos of eagles courtesy of William Fauntleroy.

Donna L. Cole is an award-winning investigative and multimedia reporter. In her spare time, she’s a volunteer bird of prey rescuer.




Two ospreys dead after tornado in Edgewater and an eagle nest damaged

Fortunately no humans were killed as a result of the EF-2 tornado that hit Edgewater and Annapolis Wednesday with 125 mph winds, however the same can not be said for birds – in Edgewater, one osprey died from its injuries, another was euthanized because its injuries were too severe and an unoccupied bald eagle nest was damaged.

Those are just the birds that are known about.

The osprey that died almost immediately after the tornado was found on the sidewalk near PNC Bank on Solomons Island Road in Edgewater, directly across the street from an osprey nest.

A video shows the tornado approaching the same area with a juvenile osprey in the nest – it’s believed this might have been the same osprey that was killed.

Joshua Giles, of Solomons Island, was driving, saw the bird on the sidewalk, realized it shouldn’t be on the ground and stopped to help it.

Giles contacted Suzanne Shoemaker, director of Owl Moon Raptor Center – she asked if he could bring the bird to me.

Full disclosure – I’m a volunteer bird of prey rescuer for Owl Moon Raptor Center and I live in Edgewater.

The bird was dead by the time it arrived at my house.

It was an extremely sad moment as Giles and I stood in my garage while I quickly examined the lifeless bird – it appeared to have impact injuries.

Shortly before Giles arrived, another call had come in for another osprey.

Just north of the first incident and on the north side of the South River bridge, Deborah Schneider, a homeowner in the Shadow Point neighborhood posted on Facebook requesting help with a downed osprey in her backyard. This neighborhood was also in the direct path of the tornado and had a lot of downed trees.

I was tagged on the post and I made contact with Schneider.

I told her I would respond as soon as it was safe to do so – torrential rain and wind were still an issue.

A lull in the storm allowed me just enough time to travel the one mile between my house and Shadow Point.

Schneider had originally told me to look for her mailbox with the address on it – she then realized the mailbox had been taken down by the tornado. She also provided me a pair of boots – neither of us had realized the extent of the damage in Shadow Point and I was wearing shorts and sneakers.

Shadow Point neighborhood of Edgewater immediately after the EF-2 tornado
Some of the debris we had to climb through to get to the osprey in the Shadow Point neighborhood of Annapolis after the tornado.

With boots on and Schneider’s son, Gary Mitchell, leading the way, it took approximately 10 minutes to get to the osprey because of downed trees and debris in the way.

In a relatively unscathed corner of Schneider’s fenced backyard was the osprey. I quickly grabbed it and again, with the help of Mitchell, we climbed over downed trees and branches and got the the bird to my car.

Injured osprey in the Shadow Point neighborhood of Edgewater after the tornado.
Screenshot from video by Deborah Schneider.
Donna Cole rescuing a downed osprey in the Shadow Point neighborhood of Edgewater after the tornado. Screenshot from video by Deborah Schneider.

Because it was unsafe for anyone to travel Wednesday evening, the osprey was transported by fellow volunteer, Angela Mitchell, Thursday morning to Tri-State Bird Rescue and Research in Newark, De.

According to Lisa Smith, executive director of Tri-State, “Unfortunately, both the radius and ulna were badly fractured near the carpal joint, and the bird was euthanized.”

She added, “Thank you for rescuing this bird – it would have died a slow, painful death in the wild. Sometimes the best we can do is relieve their suffering.”

With the amount of trees down in Schneider’s yard, it’s not surprising the bird had severe injuries.

Schneider said it took, “seven guys seven hours” to clean up the debris.

She said an eagle nest she can see from her backyard was also damaged – eagle nesting season is over for this year and they will have time to rebuild or relocate in advance of next year – if they survived.

Schneider texted she’s, “A little concerned that I haven’t seen or heard them since the tornado.”

This is a video of the tornado as it crossed the South River – the narrator said “I just saw the leaves blowing and the birds just kind of going haphazard … they’re all sucked into it.”

Backing up in time, Wednesday morning had started off fairly quiet, At 12:13 pm, I got a call from Tri-State Bird Rescue and Research about an injured osprey in Queen Anne’s County. I knew I had a little time before the bad weather started to move in so I went.

I arrived at Piney Narrows Yacht Haven at 12:59 pm and quickly rescued that bird. I took it to the US-301 Bay Country Rest Area in Centreville, where I transferred it a Tri-State volunteer transporter who would transfer it to another volunteer transporter in Middletown, De., who would deliver it to Tri-State. Yes, these rescues/transports often require a lot of helping hands.

Donna Cole rescues an osprey at Piney Narrows Yacht Basin Wednesday before the bad weather. Courtesy photo.

I was in the car in Kent Narrows when I got the call from my daughter who told me she had just gotten the tornado warning.

I was on the Chesapeake Bay Bridge when I saw the tornado in the area of the South River – not far from my house. I called my daughter back to ensure she and our dog were in the basement and I stayed on the phone with her until I got home – I was panicked for her, but I didn’t tell her why or that I had seen the tornado and this was a horrible feeling.

From my house to Shadow Point is about a mile. From my house to the area of Annapolis that got hit badly is a little under two miles.

We were lucky we didn’t have damage/destruction, but others weren’t so lucky – here’s how you can help them.

Although I’ve been rescuing birds for over two years, I had, fortunately, not encountered any dead birds until this tornado. I wasn’t even sure what to do with the dead osprey that was brought to me – there is a protocol for eagles, but not ospreys.

I asked Shoemaker – she said to return it the wild, in the woods, where it can benefit other wildlife.

Every time I drive by the osprey nest on Solomons Island Road, I look for the ospreys – it was getting late in the season for a bird to still be in the nest and I’d comment to my daughter each time that it should be going south to its winter home.

On Saturday, I had emailed BGE’s Communications Manager Richard Yost, about that nest – when ospreys nest on BGE’s equipment, it’s can be dangerous for the birds and the equipment.

I also alerted Yost that the osprey guard next to the nest platform at the base of the northside of the South River Bridge was hanging down.

In other words, these birds mean a lot to me.

The osprey killed in the tornado was returned to the wild in the woods in my backyard.

As for the osprey I rescued in Queen Anne’s County before the storm hit, Smith emailed, “It had a large, single-barbed fishing hook embedded in the skin over the left wing, with fishing line wrapped around the wing and entangled in the primaries. There was some swelling of the soft tissues, but overall, I think it has a good prognosis.”

Fortunately there’s no shortage of news reports about tornado damage incurred by humans – those reports can help the National Weather Service classify the intensity of the tornado and can communicate how others can help those who suffered losses.

There is, however, a shortage of information about what happens to birds and other wildlife during tornadoes – I’ve now seen it.

Donna L. Cole is an award-winning investigative/multimedia reporter. She’s also a volunteer bird of prey rescuer.




Sick and dying hawks being found in Maryland and crows in Washington, D.C. – unknown if related to songbird mass mortality issue

Multiple sick and dying Cooper’s and red-tailed hawks are being found in Maryland – all are juveniles (young birds that recently fledged from their nest) and all have debilitating neurological issues.

It’s not known if this hawk sickness, which results in seizures and an inability to fly, is related to the similar, mass mortality issue being experienced with songbirds in several states and Washington, D.C.

Songbirds are often consumed by hawks.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and several state conservation agencies, including the Maryland Department of Natural Resources (DNR), released an interagency statement about the songbird mass mortality issue with one update thus far.

Neither agency has released any information to the public about sick hawks being found in Maryland.

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Sick Cooper’s hawk, just before capture, in Hyattsville, Md.

In the most recent request for information earlier this week, the email to the USGS and DNR reads –

“Is anyone from the USGS or DNR planning to release a statement that another mortality issue with neurological symptoms is being seen in hawks and that it may or may not be related to the similar issue with songbirds? I think the public has a right to know what’s going on – if for no other reason than to ensure the safety of their pets, but also because these sick birds should be taken to rehabbers.”

Marisa Lubeck, USGS public affairs specialist responded, “I’ll have to defer to the state agencies on this since I don’t have updated information from the USGS end to report out. We don’t have additions to the interagency statement at this point. It’s up to the jurisdictions whether they want additional reports of raptors or any other birds, and how the jurisdictions will follow up (by submitting carcasses to labs or not) will likely depend on the state.”

No response has been received from DNR thus far.

In Washington, D.C., which seemed to be the early epicenter of the songbird mortality issue, there aren’t as many hawks being seen at City Wildlife.

“We haven’t seen the hawks lately — none at all since the 21st — but we had been getting a higher than usual number of them in the first half of July.  We tested some of them for West Nile, but those tests came back negative,” emailed Jim Monsma, director of City Wildlife.

But City Wildlife is still seeing songbirds with neurological issues.

Monsma explained, “We are however seeing three or four sparrows each week who are showing neurological signs reminiscent of the symptoms we were seeing in late May and early June.”

And there’s more bad news for another species.

Monsma emailed, “The biggest problem at the moment is thin and neurological crows (both American and Fish), usually two to three a day, about forty of them since late May with the majority of them in July. Some have oral trichomoniasis, but we are also awaiting test results for West Nile.  Few survive despite our treatments, but we mostly get the birds when the condition is very advanced and the bird is very, very sick.”

According to the Audubon California website, “While crows can be wary of people, they can be rough on other birds, predating other species’ nests. While some birds have adapted to lay more eggs to compensate for this, nest predation from crows has prompted the populations of some sensitive species to reach perilously low levels.”

Earlier this week, in the Eastport neighborhood of Annapolis, three Cooper’s hawks were found, likely from the same nest and all had neurological issues – one was transported to Owl Moon Raptor Center, one was transported to Frisky’s Wildlife and Primate Sanctuary and one died – it was taken to the SPCA of Anne Arundel County.

Just after capturing one of the Cooper’s hawks, an unleashed dog was sniffing the area where the bird had been. The owner of the dog was cautioned to get his dog away from the area. Not far away was a full bird feeder and bird bath. The property owner was cautioned to remove both.

While there are several diseases that have been ruled out with the songbird issue, there’s still not a definitive cause and it’s not known if it’s communicable. People have been asked to keep pets away from sick/dead birds and remove bird feeders/baths – all of which could spread disease.

Nancy McDonald, a volunteer bird of prey rescuer, let people know about the hawk issue on the IDEA Birders of Maryland & DC Facebook group. She wrote, “I want to give you all a heads up. We are now picking up hatch year Cooper’s Hawks that are going full blown neurological. At the moment, to the best of my knowledge, the mortality rate is 100%. If you or anyone you know sees one and is going to handle it, please glove up, as I don’t know if it’s contagious to humans. If you are out walking your pet, please keep it leashed up and don’t let it come in contact with any of these birds, should you find any on your walk about. Otherwise, please let me, Donna Cole, any local wildlife rehabber that has experience with raptors or Owl Moon Raptor Center know. If you do pick one up and box it, please feel free to go ahead and transport it. Please call ahead to any rehabber you choose, to make sure they are open to receive the bird. My understanding is that DNR is also getting a ton of calls about neurologically impaired Coopies as well. Please feel free to DM me with any questions you may have. I know this is a lot of pleases – thank you.”

Just after capturing one of the Cooper’s hawks in Eastport, an unleashed dog was sniffing the area where the bird had been. The owner of the dog was cautioned to get his dog away from the area. The night before, in the same area, was a full bird feeder and bath. The property owner was advised to remove both.

For sightings of any sick birds in Maryland, including hawks, contact a licensed wildlife rehabber.

Donna L. Cole is an award-winning investigative and multimedia reporter who works for WNAV News. She’s also a volunteer bird of prey rescuer.




Two juvenile ospreys euthanized for maintenance of Calvert County ball park lights

Two juvenile ospreys were taken from their nest Monday at Calvert County’s Cove Point Park in Lusby, then euthanized – this because of maintenance on lights.

Juvenile ospreys are currently in the process of fledging from their nests in Maryland or within days/a couple of weeks of doing so.

But these ospreys never had the chance to fledge.

Cove Point Park ballfield. Calvert County photo.

According to Tanya Espinosa, public affairs specialist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection (USDA APHIS), “Under a Cooperative Services Agreement with the county, Wildlife Services removed the birds as they were impeding the replacement/repair of the lights.”

Quite often, ospreys will nest atop lights or utility poles, but many will wait for nesting season to be over before doing any type of maintenance.

Espinosa continued, “Cooperators are given the opportunity to determine whether or not to involve a wildlife rehab facility. In this situation, they decided not to involve a wildlife rehab facility.  The birds were humanely euthanized using methods approved by the American Veterinary Medical Association.”

While no wildlife rehabilitator was contacted about the two juvenile ospreys, the president of Maryland Wildlife Rehabilitators Association (MWRA) wished they would have been.

“Any one of the rehabilitators would have been happy to take care of them and that they probably only had another week to go … which means the work could have been postponed,” explained Kathleen Woods, MWRA’s president and executive director of Phoenix Wildlife Center.

Photos of the ospreys being captured were shared Monday on the MD Birding Facebook group in a since deleted post – several people questioned why it happened, as ospreys are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in coordination with APHIS, can issue depredation permits for legally taking protected migratory birds in some situations.

According to the APHIS website, “Although the USDA Wildlife Services Program is not a regulatory program, we have a role in some regulatory processes. Wildlife Services biologists conduct damage evaluations to provide information to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the state wildlife agency as part of their permit processes. WS provides technical assistance to callers with migratory bird conflicts. In some cases, lethal take may be required to resolve these issues or reinforce the effectiveness of non-lethal dispersal. In such cases, WS biologists complete an evaluation form (Form 37) that describes the incident and documents our recommendations for management options. When lethal take is recommended, those forms are forwarded by the applicant with applications and application fee for Federal Migratory Bird Depredation Permits.”

In the Facebook post, there were several people wearing shirts from a company called Lighting Maintenance, along with a man wearing a shirt and hat with the USDA logo – he was photographed putting the ospreys in a pet transport container.

Ospreys migrate to Maryland from southern areas, such as Florida, Central and South America, to mate and raise their young, before going back to warmer areas for the winter.

For these two adult ospreys, these were their only young born this year.

“Ospreys are not considered threatened or endangered or a species of concern in the State of Maryland,” offered Espinosa.

Even so, this decision isn’t sitting right with many people, including Woods.

“So sad they didn’t reach out,” she said.

“Calvert County requested assistance with removal of an osprey nest from a light pole from USDA APHIS-WS, as the location of the nest posed a risk to the health and safety of people, including youth, using the ball fields at Cove Point Park,” according to Sarah Ehman, public information program manager for Calvert County.

Ehman continued, “USDA Wildlife Services determined that nest relocation was not possible. Newer light poles being installed include osprey nesting platforms to more safely accommodate the presence of ospreys at county parks. These platforms have already been installed at Dunkirk District Park, Hallowing Point Park and Cove Point Park and are in use by osprey at these locations.”

Lighting Maintenance opted not to release a statement.

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Update – Calvert County released another statement Wednesday –

“The Calvert County Board of County Commissioners (BOCC) has issued the following statement regarding the removal of an osprey nest from a light pole at Cove Point Park:

“We have received a number of comments and questions regarding the removal of an osprey nest from a light pole at Cove Point Park.

Because the nest was located in an area adjacent to a ball field, the nest posed a risk to the safety of the public; the light pole at Cove Point Park is not equipped to accommodate the presence of ospreys. The presence of the nest could endanger visitors to Cove Point Park with the risk of falling sticks or other nesting material.

Calvert County Government enlisted the services of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Wildlife Services, through a cooperative services agreement, to remove the nest. Due to the nature of this agreement, Calvert County Government was not consulted or informed as to why or how the decision was made to euthanize the juveniles in the nest rather than relocate. For the safety of the birds we often enlist the services of USDA.

Moving forward we will work to ensure that any ospreys removed from county property will be relocated and will communicate this position with USDA. We appreciate and value the outpouring of concern for our county’s natural resources. The county is in the process of installing lights equipped to safely accommodate the presence of ospreys at our parks, to enable wildlife to coexist in our recreation spaces.”

Donna L. Cole is an award-winning investigative and multimedia reporter who works for WNAV News. She’s also a volunteer bird of prey rescuer.




The killing of bald eagles on Maryland’s Eastern Shore – the history of a dirty little secret

In February 2016, 13 dead bald eagles were found on a farm field in Federalsburg, Md. and stories were seen about it around about it the world.

A few weeks later, more dead bald eagles were found in Sussex County, De.

After the initial stories were shared and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service said humans were responsible, no charges would be filed and they were closing the Federalburg case, reporters seemed to lose interest in following up on the story.

I didn’t and since 2016, I’ve continued reporting on the issue.

These are the articles I wrote in order from the earliest to the most recent:

13 reasons why I didn’t give up on the bald eagle story – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/thirteen-reasons-why-eagles/

Opinion: An epidemic the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service doesn’t want you to know about – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/opinion-an-epidemic-the-u-s-fish-and-wildlife-service-doesnt-want-you-to-know-about/

Confirmed link in some of the bald eagle poisonings – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/confirmed-link-in-some-of-the-eastern-shore-bald-eagle-poisonings/

New information in Eastern Shore bald eagle poisonings – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/new-information-in-eastern-shore-bald-eagle-poisonings/

Though bald eagle cases have been happening for years, a law that could help was never enacted in Maryland – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/though-bald-eagle-poisoning-cases-have-been-happening-for-years-a-law-that-could-help-was-never-enacted-in-maryland/

The ‘Carbo Wars’ – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/the-carbo-wars/

Carbofuran Possession Bill to be Introduced to Maryland General Assembly  – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/carbofuran-possession-bill-to-be-introduced-to-maryland-general-assembly/

“How many dead bodies do you want us to bring you before you take action” – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/how-many-dead-bodies-do-you-want-us-to-bring-you-before-you-take-action-carbofuran-loophole-bill-hopes-to-safeg/

Public health concern left in wake of eagle poisonings in Maryland – carbofuran loophole bill delayed – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/public-health-concern-left-in-wake-of-eagle-poisonings-in-maryland-carbofuran-loophole-bill-delayed/

11 eagles poisoned in 2019 Chestertown case found on property used as regulated shooting area – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/11-bald-eagles-poisoned-in-2019-chestertown-case-found-on-property-used-as-a-regulated-shooting-area/

Bald eagles in 2016 Delaware case poisoned by carbofuran – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/bald-eagles-in-2016-delaware-case-poisoned-by-carbofuran/

Controlling nuisance wildlife while protecting our national symbol (by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and they mention RSAs) – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/controlling-nuisance-wildlife-while-protecting-our-national-symbol/

Safely dispose of carbofuran this Saturday and safeguard our national symbol – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/safely-dispose-of-carbofuran-this-saturday-and-safeguard-our-national-symbol/

30 dead bald eagles in Maryland – how Virginia solved the problem, but Maryland didn’t – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/30-dead-bald-eagles-in-maryland-how-virginia-solved-the-problem-but-maryland-didnt/

With at least 30 bald eagles killed by carbofuran in Maryland in the last 12 years, House Bill 1025 aims to eliminate the toxic pesticide in the state – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/with-at-least-30-bald-eagles-killed-by-carbofuran-in-the-last-12-years-in-maryland-house-bill-1025-aims-to-eliminate-the-toxic-pesticide-in-the-state/

Editorial: Beth Decker (AKA Elizabeth Lindenau), an animal hoarder, worked with two non-profits devoted to birds – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/editorial-beth-decker-aka-elizabeth-lindenau-an-animal-hoarder-worked-with-two-non-profits-devoted-to-birds-whistleblowers-wanted-people-to-know-but-others-kept-it-secret/

Editorial: The death of House Bill 1025 leaves concerns about eagles – https://www.annapoliscreative.com/editorial-the-death-of-house-bill-1025-leaves-concerns-about-eagles-and-why-has-dnr-stayed-so-quiet-on-regulated-shooting-areas/

Donna L. Cole is an award-winning reporter and speaker who currently works for WNAV News. For her reporting work on the eagle poisonings, she received the 2019 and 2020 Society of Professional Journalists DC Pro Chapter Dateline Awards for Investigative Journalism, the 2018 Chesapeake Associated Press Broadcasters Association Outstanding Enterprise Journalism award and the 2019 Chesapeake Associated Press Broadcasters Association award for Documentary/In-Depth Reporting.  Her work also led to changes in pesticide licensing regulations in Maryland, the first ever carbofuran pesticide advisory being issued by the state of Maryland and House Bill 1025, that aimed to ban the possession of carbofuran in Maryland and rid of the state of stockpiles of the toxic pesticide. The bill died in committee due to opposition from the Maryland Farm Bureau.

For groups interested in hearing more about this topic, visit the speaking engagements page of this website.